Facility of Cervical Cancer Prevention – Cervical Cancer Vaccination.
Cervical cancer can often be prevented by having regular screenings to find any precancers and treat them. Preventing precancers means controlling possible risk factors, such as:
Delaying first sexual intercourse until the late teens or older
Limiting the number of sex partners
Avoiding sexual intercourse with people who have had many partners
Avoiding sexual intercourse with people who are obviously infected with genital warts or show other symptoms
The HPV vaccine helps prevent cervical cancer caused by HPV (see Risk Factors). Gardasil 9 is available in the United States for preventing infection from HPV-16, HPV-18, and 5 other types of HPV linked with cancer. There were 2 other vaccines previously available in the United States: Cervarix and the original Gardasil. Both of these are no longer available in the United States. However, these vaccines may be in use outside of the United States.
To help prevent cervical cancer, ASCO recommends that girls receive HPV vaccination. Talk with a health care provider about the appropriate schedule for vaccination because it may vary based on many factors, including age and vaccine availability. Learn more about HPV vaccination and ASCO’s recommendations for preventing cervical cancer.
There is currently debate about whether the vaccine is beneficial for women over age 18, who have likely been exposed to HPV. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends “catch-up” vaccines for girls and women up to age 26. The American Cancer Society recommends catch-up vaccines for girls up to age 18.
The vaccine does not prevent about 30 percent of cervical cancers. As a result, routine Pap testing is important for all women. Talk with your doctor about what type of prevention and screening methods are appropriate for you.